Knowledge Management Portal

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IFAD
ICARDA

The IFAD funded SKiM Knowledge Management Portal, is a beacon of publications, news, data and information coming from research for development organizations, academia, government bodies, national agricultural research systems and extensionists across the globe. The Portal is built to enhance the outreach of the scientific and organizational knowledge aggregated, fostering partnership building and information sharing across users and institutions, strengthening knowledge management and providing the basis for more advanced knowledge visualization (OpenRXV powered SKiM Explorer ).

Publications

SKiM - 2022 Morocco Country Source Book

20 Jun 2022
The MLR itinerary is planned from Chefchaouen - located in the Northern region of Morocco receiving about 880 mm of rain annually- to Marrakech in the South, suffering from drought with 240 mm/year. The objective of the visits aims at sharing the adaptation process of local stakeholders to different constraints regarding their agricultural and economic activities. The genebank visit in Settat witnesses the government preoccupation regarding the management of biodiversity mainly through the conservation of local resources. The university UM6P presents a new modern university model that is fully integrated into social and economic context. The university has developed within few years a high-quality level of training and research as well as entrepreneurial and innovation activities. An incubated start-up focusing on the quinoa valorization will be visited as well. Finally, the agro-industrial sector is introduced through two different case studies. Apia shows how a local company started a few years ago from scratch, led by an engineer, and has now become an international company for local product valorization, employing thousands of people in different locations in Morocco and abroad. The second case concerns the cluster innovation mechanisms supporting women's cooperative, helping their empowerment and inclusion in society. The table 1 highlight the main topics to be discussed during each study visit, and table 2 shows a Cross-table of cases and thematic areas.
keywords
scaling,knowledge transfer,sstc,partnership building,learning route

Publications

SKiM - 2022 Morocco Learning Route Information Note

11 Jun 2022
Case studies were carefully selected through multiple consultations processes among stakeholders to ensure inclusivity and consideration of different aspects of KM and thematic areas on the SKiM project. The target group is country institutions dealing with agricultural and rural solutions. Potential institutions for inclusion in this project include key decision and policy support agencies, departments, and units housed or associated with 10 different Ministries such as Ministries of Agriculture, Environment, or Water, and Rural Planning Institutions that are responsible for rural welfare, natural resources management, and agricultural production. The organization of the learning route in Morocco aims to present to Moroccan and international partners participants best practices in the KM, focusing the whole chain of innovation. Indeed, the visits will start by presenting institutional arrangements regarding KM in higher education and research institutions (IAV, INRA and ENA) as well as in extension agency (ONCA).
keywords
scaling,knowledge transfer,sstc,partnership building,learning route

Publications

SKiM - 2022 Morocco Learning Route Agenda

11 Jun 2022
The first set of institutions are producing knowledge through either research activities, expertise or capitalizing on end-users and stakeholders returns. ONCA, is one of the last chain links, holds the responsibility of sharing knowledge on the field. The designed program of the MLR considers several SDGs as presented in the following figure1. In addition, the case studies are located in different regions in Morocco which differs from their climate and soil conditions, economic development and agricultural specialties. The MLR itinerary is planned from Chefchaouen - located in the Northern region of Morocco receiving about 880 mm of rain annually- to Marrakech in the South, suffering from drought with 240 mm/year. The objective of the visits aims at sharing the adaptation process of local stakeholders to different constraints regarding their agricultural and economic activities. The genebank visit in Settat witnesses the government preoccupation regarding the management of biodiversity mainly through the conservation of local resources. The university UM6P presents a new modern university model that is fully integrated into social and economic context. The university has developed within few years a high-quality level of training and research as well as entrepreneurial and innovation activities. An incubated start-up focusing on the quinoa valorization will be visited as well. Finally, the agro-industrial sector is introduced through two different case studies. Apia shows how a local company started a few years ago from scratch, led by an engineer, and has now become an international company for local product valorization, employing thousands of people in different locations in Morocco and abroad. The second case concerns the cluster innovation mechanisms supporting women's cooperative, helping their empowerment and inclusion in society. The table 1 highlight the main topics to be discussed during each study visit, and table 2 shows a Cross-table of cases and thematic areas.
keywords
scaling,knowledge transfer,sstc,partnership building,learning route

Publications

Group photo integrated pest management of date palm using modern and convectional techniques

09 Jun 2022
Group photo integrated pest management of date palm using modern and conventional techniques training workshop, 5-9 June 2022, KSA
keywords
integrated pest management (ipm),date palm,systems transformation,genetic innovation,zero hunger,responsible consumption and production,climate action,life on land,climate adaptation and mitigation,environmental health and biodiversity,resilient agrifood systems,Date

Publications

دليل للفلاحين: الزراعة بالملقحات البرية (فاب) - الجزائز

06 Jun 2022
دليل للفلاحين: الزراعة بالملقحات البرية (فاب) - الجزائز
keywords
اﻟﻧﺣل,الزراعة بالملقحات البرية (فاب)

Publications

SKiM Newsletter issue 23

05 Jun 2022
Strengthening Knowledge Management for Greater Development Effectiveness in the Near East, North Africa, Central Asia and Europe (SKiM) Project Newsletter, Issue 23, May 2022.
keywords
scaling readiness,SKiM,rural solutions,learning route

Publications

Toward Sustainable Water Resources Management in the Tunisian Citrus Sector: Impact of Pricing Policies on Water Resources Reallocation

02 Jun 2022
This study aims to analyse Tunisian farmers’ ability to pay (ATP) in a citrus area and propose a penalising price strategy based on the block‐pricing process to decrease over‐irrigation without affecting farmers’ incomes. The methodology is based on the residual imputation approach to determine farmers’ ATP, a stochastic production frontier to estimate the technical efficiency to determine optimal water irrigation quantity and calculation of the price elasticity of demand for an effective penalty and the Gini index before and after penalisation to study equity improvement. A survey was carried out on a sample of 147 citrus farms in the Nabeul Governorate, Northeastern Tunisia. The technical efficiency analysis confirms that an optimal quantity of 5000 m3/ha guarantees the maximisation of yields and profits. Above this quantity, the amount of overused water could be penalised without significantly affecting farmers’ incomes. Results also reveal that water overconsumption represents 28% of available resources and the ATP varies according to technical efficiency. Therefore, the proposed penalty system could reduce water overconsumption by 44.56% without deteriorating agricultural welfare. To improve water management as well as farmers’ welfare, this study recommends an increase in the technical efficiency level of farms to optimise all production factors for any implemented pricing policy.
keywords
water value,ability to pay,residual imputation approach,stochastic production frontier,overconsumption penalties,equitable reallocation

Publications

Genome wide association study for stripe rust resistance in spring bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

31 May 2022
Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat (Triticum aes- tivum L.) worldwide causing huge yield losses every year. Development and deployment of resistant varieties is the most economical and environment friendly approach for controlling this disease. However, because of the continuous evolution of the pathogen, resistant genes are easily overcome by new virulent Pst races, which necessitates a continuous identifcation and introgression of resistance genes to develop resistant wheat varieties. To identify efective source of resistance, a genome- wide association study was performed using 426 elite bread wheat genotypes based on 5176 polymorphic Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) markers. Adult-plant-resistance was evaluated under feld conditions for yellow rust resistance for two consecutive years (2014 and 2015) at ICARDA Merchouch station, Morocco. Out of the 426 genotypes, 51.17% were highly resistant with 5–10% level of severity to yellow rust. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) using a mixed linear model (MLM) identifed three DArT markers on chromosomes 1B, 2B and 7B which are signifcantly associated with stripe rust resistance at false discovery rate p≤0.05. BLAST analysis confrmed that the marker 412,394 in chromosome 2B overlapped with two previously reported QTLs (QYrlu.cau-2BS1 Luke and QYrid.ui-2B.1_IDO444). However, the two other markers 542,318 (1B) and 583,038 (5B) were not mapped within any of the previously reported gene/QTL regions; therefore, these markers may represent novel resistance loci for yellow rust. The highly resistant elite genotypes and linked molecular markers are recommended for further gene introgression and pyramiding purposes in the wheat breeding programs after validation.
keywords
gwas,spring bread wheat,stripe rust,dart markers

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